Featured Post

Aviation management

How did Stansted advance the go beyond to become London’s third air terminal? Interests for extension of London air terminal limit...

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Aviation management

How did Stansted advance the go beyond to become London’s third air terminal? Interests for extension of London air terminal limit have been for some time drawn including different Airport Commissions and political interests (FT, 2014). The mission for the Third London Airport especially concerning contending proposition for another air terminal at Cublington and the extension of Stansted is the subject of this segment, which additionally talks about the key players who partook simultaneously.. Limit limitations at Heathrow, especially with the quick development in air traffic during the 1950s, prompted floods into Gatwick, UK’s second air terminal. Neither of these two areas are anyway perfect given the development of the city. Developed territories are not helpful for air security and there is the extra test of commotion contamination affecting inhabitants (Helsey and Codd, 2012). It got evident during the 1960s that there was have to meet extensive development foreseen into what's to come. This offered ascend to proposition for another air terminal a nd development of existing limit. Stansted, a previous military runway in Essex, was proposed as a third air terminal in 1963 and was from that point supported by a Government White Paper in 1967 (HC Hansard, 1971; Stansted Airport, 2013). An ensuing uncertain open request prompted the arrangement of the Commission for the Third London Airport, prominently alluded to as the Roskill Commission entrusted with survey of destinations for a third air terminal (Abelson and Flowerdew, 1972; UKCAA, 2013). With its assessment of the planning of need, the prerequisite for extension of limit, and after a cautious investigation of a sum of 80 proposed venture locales, four destinations were at long last picked, head among them another air terminal at Cublington in the Vale of Aylesbury. It was esteemed to offer best access arranged in the key London-Birmingham pivot away from developed regions and would cost not exactly a large portion of the other options (Abelson and Flowerdew, 1972). This pr oposition anyway met with solid resistance from nearby individuals, legislators and white collar class voters making it politically indefensible (FT, 2014). A persuasive individual from the Roskill Commission, Colin Buchanan, in disagree on grounds of ecological and arranging concerns, proposed another option at Maplin Sands, Foulness in the Thames Estuary. This made the way for solid political resistance against Cublington with the last proposition turning into the favored alternative of the Conservative legislature of the day which hence ignored Roskill’s proposition (FT, 2014; Helsey and Codd, 2012; Mishan, 1970). Maplin had strangely been considered by the Roskill Commission and had been definitively dismissed based on cost (the most costly choice in general), separation and comfort to planned travelers (the most remote) (FT, 2014; Mayor of London, 2013). With all the political help and progress towards the Maplin proposition, it was not manufactured (FT, 2014; Helsey and Codd, 2012). The expense of the constituent profound harbor, rail joins, motorways, new towns to suit laborers, and surface course to the air terminal was a cosmic ?825 million (assessed at ?8,448 million today) (Helsey and Codd, 2012). To many, including the resistance then †the Labor Party, this was viewed as inadmissible (FT, 2014). With the coming to intensity of the Labor Party an adjustment in appearance, the Maplin air terminal task was relinquished in July 1974 (FT, 2014). A reappraisal of traveler projections in the new system demonstrated â€Å"over-optimism† in gauges indicating that there was satisfactory limit until 1990 at Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted and Luton, helped by local air terminals (AOA, 2013; UKCAA, 2013). Be that as it may, with expanding rivalry from abroad and traveler numbers again rising, the requirement for extension got obvious. English Airports Authority (BAA), proprietor of the Stansted Airport, submitted plans for its extension and with noteworthy campaigning by its Chairman Norman Payne and the enrolling of help from Margaret Thatcher, the Maplin plot was deserted for a less expensive arrangement to augment Stansted (Mayor of London, 2013). This alternative had likewise been considered by Roskill and had not made the waitlist of key choices (FT, 2014). The development of Stansted was cultivated 10 years after its suggestion yet was an anticipated disappointment tested by an absence of achievement in drawing in and supporting long stretch tasks via aircrafts (World Airline Directory, 2001; UKCAA, 2013). It was anyway to profit by the rise of minimal effort bearers, primarily Ryanair, which were drawn by alluring landing charges which counterbalance resulting bother to their travelers (UKCAA, 2013; Mayor of London, 2013; BBC, 2011). Air terminal approach in the UK has been a contextual investigation of political short-termism with the area of an extra (third) air terminal for London in an issue. Elevated by uncerta iny over interest and development gauges and a general absence of intense political activity, choices are tested by political contemplations making inland air terminals unfeasible and monetary contemplations making beach front air terminals unfeasible. This has prompted the deferment of imperative activity with strategy producers frequently inclined to influencing given the exceptional and unremitting campaigning and political weights. References Abelson, P. what's more, A., Flowerdew, 1972. Roskill’s effective recommendation.† In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Vol. 135. No. 4, pp.467 Airports Operators Association, 2013. The Airport Operator, Autumn 2013. BBC, 2011. Heathrow and Stansted runway plans rejected by BAA, 24 May 2010. Seen on 30/1/2014 from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk Financial Times, 2014. London’s new air terminal held to deliver by imprudence. December, 2013 House of Commons Hansard, 1971. Third London Airport (Roskill Commission Report). fourth March. Vol. 812. cc1912-2078. HC Helsey, M., and F., Codd, 2012. Aeronautics: proposition for an air terminal in the Thames estuary, 1945-2012. Place of Commons Library. Seen from: http://cambridgemba.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/sn4920-1946-2012-review.pdf Mayor of London, 2013. Why London needs another center point air terminal. Transport for London. Seen from: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/26576.aspx Mishan, E., 1970. What's going on with RoskillLondon: London School of Economics Stansted Airport, 2013. Official statement. Seen on first Feb 2014 from: http://www.stanstedairport.com UKCAA, 2013. UK Airport Statistics †Aviation Intelligence. Joined Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority. World Airline Directory, 2001. Flight International. Stansted Airport, Stansted, Essex, 27 March †2 April 2001. CM241SB, UK Given the dire need to discover an answer for UK air terminal limit for what reason do you think the administration wishes to defer the procedure? Political interests and horde contentions despite everything sludge the London air terminal development interest 50 years after the fact with the current Howard Davies Airports Commission set up in 2012 despite everything swimming in the long running debate (FT, 2014). Proceeded with political posing, supporting stonewalling despite everything portrays this interest for a reasonable arrangement given the preparation to restrict strategies embraced by those of various compositions and political stand and confusion of issues frustrating intense choices and activity (FT, 2014; CAPA, 2013). Concerning past government air terminal strategies, this segment assesses the longing of government to delay a choice on the last answer for address issue until after the 2015 general political decision. In the Davies Commission’s see, the limit challenge is yet to get basic and there is requirement for activity as there is potential for it to be (The Independent, 2014; Airports Committee, 2013a). These discoveries contained in its December 2013 break report (going before a last report expected in 2015) depend on the affirmation of proceeded with development of air travel, principally in the South East of England with the requirement for an additional runway by 2030 and another conceivably by 2050. For the short and medium term, the Commission has made a pile of proposition to upgrade productivity of aircraft and ground activit ies (Airports Commission, 2013b). In a perfect world, the last proposition is ostensibly most proper given that operational and plan enhancements have until now empowered the treatment of a bigger number of volumes than foreseen, broadening current limit and empowering full and proficient utilization of accessible asset (UKCAA, 2013; The Independent, 2014). On the Commission’s waitlist of alternatives for the short and medium term incorporate a third runwayand extending of a current runway at Heathrow, and another runway at Gatwick. The proposition for a spic and span air terminal in the Thames Estuary is side-lined refering to vulnerabilities and difficulties encompassing it with the Commission anyway encouraging to assess its achievability and to show up at a choice in regards to its suitability later in 2014 just as longer term extension alternatives at Stansted and Birmingham (CAPA, 2013; Airport International, 2012). The administration anyway says that it won't settle on a ultimate conclusion in such manner until after the 2015 general political decision pushing the duty to the following government (CAPA, 2013; FT, 2014). At the point when the Coalition government came to control in 2010, it rejected previous Labor government’s plan for a third runway at Heathrow to which it had been firmly contradicted rather preferring the production of another center air terminal in the Thames Estuary (Helsey and Codd, 2012). Given restored center around Heathrow, there is by all accounts an intentional choice by government to abstain from culpable the electorate in its turnaround from its pronouncement responsibility, just as to stay away from political disturbance in the approach the prospective races (FT, 2014; CAPA, 2013). It is broadly acknowledged that Prime Minister David Cameron set up the Davies Commission in an offer to defer or to defuse debate, keeping up a deceptive vagueness until after the general political decision (FT, 2014). Heathrow is a famous inclination given the help it

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Accomplishing Life Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Achieving Life - Essay Example More often than not the sum total of what we had was one another and that is the reason I amazed my family when I revealed to them that I was going to join the military. My siblings and I didn't have any cash to attend a university when we graduated, in addition to I didn’t need to head off to college immediately. I graduated in 2005 and after a year I joined the United States Army. At the time I didn’t feel like I had achieved anything so far despite the fact that I did alright in school. I had sports and was impact of school exercises yet at the same time had certain objectives I needed to reach and I realized I needed to begin some place. I needed to escape from home and see what was out in reality for me. Armed force was the best approach, and afterward perhaps I could begin achieving my life objectives. The excursion for my military achievement began in June 2006 when I was sent off to Fort Jackson, SC for fundamental preparing. It was 9 weeks of physical and mental preparing and many individuals instructing all of you the time. There were four units that comprised of 50-60 individuals. The four companies made one organization. I was in fourth unit, which was probably the best detachment you needed to be in. I began meeting a ton of extraordinary individuals and did a ton of group building. We ran miles and miles; ruck walked through woods and sand, which was hard when you conveyed 30lbs on your back-holding a weapon. We found out about various weapons and how to shoot them.

Saturday, August 8, 2020

How Sleep Affects Mental Health

How Sleep Affects Mental Health Happiness Print How Does Sleep Affect Mental Health? By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on February 04, 2020 Srinrat Wuttichaikitcharoen / EyeEm/Getty Images More in Self-Improvement Happiness Meditation Stress Management Spirituality Holistic Health Inspiration Brain Health Technology Relationships View All In This Article Table of Contents Expand Sleep and Mental Health Stress Depression Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Getting Help Coping View All Back To Top Insomnia is a common problem throughout the world. According to estimates, it is believed to affect approximately 33% of the worlds population. Even people without chronic insomnia often struggle with sleep problems. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a third of adults in the U.S. report that they get less than the recommended amount of sleep each night.  Because of this, it is important to understand the potential impact that lack of sleep may have on health, including mental health and well-being. The Relationship Between Sleep and Mental Health It’s no secret that sleep plays an important role in good physical and mental health.  Sleep deprivation can leave you feeling irritable and exhausted in the short-term, but it can also have serious long-term health consequences as well. Lack of sleep is linked to a number of unfavorable health consequences including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and depression. Some psychiatric conditions can cause sleep problems, and sleep disturbances can also exacerbate the symptoms of many mental conditions including depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder. Research suggests that the relationship between sleep and mental health is complex. While sleep has long been known to be a consequence of many psychiatric conditions, more recent views suggest that sleep can also play a causal role in both the development and maintenance of different mental health problems.?? In other words, sleep problems can lead to changes in mental health, but mental health conditions can also worsen problems with sleep. Lack of sleep may trigger the onset of certain psychological conditions, although researchers are not completely certain of the underlying reasons for this. Because of this circular relationship between your sleep patterns and your mental state, it is important to talk to your doctor if you are having problems falling or staying asleep. Stress If you’ve ever struggled to get through the day after a night of tossing and turning, you are well-acquainted with the disruptive effects of sleep deprivation. Mood changes including increased irritability and anger can make it much harder to cope with even the minor stresses of daily life. Poor sleep can make it much more difficult to cope with even relatively minor stress. Daily hassles can turn into major sources of frustration. You might find yourself feeling frazzled, short-tempered, and frustrated by everyday annoyances. Poor sleep itself can even turn into a source of stress. You might know that you need to get a good nights sleep, but then find yourself worrying that you wont be able to fall or stay asleep each night. Depression Insomnia and other sleep problems can be a symptom of depression, but more recently,  research has implicated lack of sleep in actually causing depression. One analysis of 21 different studies found that people who experience insomnia have a two-fold risk of developing depression over those who do not have problems sleeping.?? The question then is whether helping people improve their sleep might actually lessen their chances of developing depression. Researchers suggest that addressing insomnia early-on may be an effective preventative measure to help reduce the risk of depression, although more study into this possibility is needed. Treating insomnia is obviously an important way to help improve psychological health and the possibility that such treatments may also be an effective tool for preventing or even treating mental health problems is promising. In a study looking at more than 3,700 participants, researchers investigated the impact of poor sleep on symptoms of depression, anxiety, and paranoia.?? Some of the participants were treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for their insomnia, while others did not receive any treatment. The researchers found that those who had received CBT also showed significant reductions in depression, anxiety, paranoia, and nightmares. They also reported improved overall well-being, including their ability to function at home and work. How Cognitive Behavior Therapy Works Anxiety As with many other psychological conditions, the relationship between sleep and anxiety appears to go both directions. People with anxiety tend to experience more sleep disturbances, but experiencing sleep deprivation can also contribute to feelings of anxiety.  This can become a cycle that perpetuates both the sleep and anxiety issues. Additionally, sleep problems appear to be a risk factor for developing anxiety disorders. One study found that problems with sleep were a predictor for generalized anxiety disorder in children and teens between the ages of 9 and 16.?? Those who struggle with sleep problems may be more likely to develop an anxiety condition, particularly if their sleep problems are prolonged and left untreated. Coping with feelings of anxiety can be that much more difficult when you are tired from chronic sleep disturbances. Because of this, poor sleep can make the symptoms of anxiety disorders much worse. For example, sleep deprivation is not only a common symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affecting between 80% to 90% of people with the condition, it is also believed to play a role in both the development and maintenance of this disorder. However, even otherwise healthy people can experience negative mental health effects of poor sleep. For example, one study found that acute sleep deprivation led to an increase in anxiety and distress levels in healthy adults.?? So while you might not even if you normally do not experience a great deal of anxiety, poor sleep may leave you feeling agitated and distraught. Bipolar Disorder Sleep disturbances are very common among people with bipolar disorder. Such problems can include insomnia, irregular sleep-wake cycles, and nightmares. Bipolar disorder is characterized by alternating periods of depressed and elevated moods. Sleep changes can be a symptom of the condition, but sleep problems can also play a role in the course of the condition, treatment outcomes, and the individuals overall quality of life. Reduced sleep can also cause symptoms of mania or hypomania. Research suggests that changes in the normal sleep/wake cycle preceded the onset of a manic episode in 25% to 65% of participants.?? If you have bipolar disorder, be sure to talk to your doctor about any sleep difficulties that you may be having. How Sleep and Bipolar Disorder Interact ADHD Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition, affecting as many as 5.3% of children between the ages of six and 17 years old. ADHD is associated with sleep problems, and research also suggests that sleep disturbances may be a predictor or even a contributor to symptoms of the condition. Studies have found that between 25% and 55% of children who have ADHD also experience sleep disturbances.?? Children with ADHD may experience a number of sleep-related problems including difficulty falling or staying asleep, difficulty waking, sleep breathing issues, night waking, and daytime sleepiness. ADHD treatment frequently begins with an assessment of current sleep habits and patterns in order to address underlying sleep problems. Studies have found that sleep interventions can help improve the severity of ADHD symptoms in addition to improving overall quality of life.?? Getting Help The good news is that because sleep problems are usually considered modifiable risk factors for many conditions, findings ways to improve sleep quality and quantity can be helpful in relieving the symptoms of these mental disorders. This does not mean that getting more sleep is a cure or quick-fix, but getting better sleep can be an important part of a comprehensive treatment plan. It is the bidirectional relationship between sleep and mental health that offers some promiseâ€"researchers hope that finding ways to improve sleep may have a beneficial impact on a number of conditions. In practical terms, if improving sleep could improve mental health, interventions designed to help people sleep could be a useful tool during psychological treatment. While more research is needed to learn more about the effectiveness of such treatments, but there is some evidence that treatments that focus on sleep improvements can relieve some symptoms. For example, one study found that targeted sleep treatments were useful for reducing the symptoms of PTSD.?? Research has also shown that psychological treatments can be helpful for treating some sleep disorders. One study, for example, found that internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) was helpful for relieving symptoms of insomnia.?? If you have been struggling with a sleep problem or are experiencing excessive daytime sleepiness, talk to your doctor about your treatment options. Your doctor may want to conduct a sleep study in order to get a better look at your nighttime sleep patterns. They can then recommend treatments that are appropriate for any underlying sleep disturbance that might be impairing your ability to rest. Treating your sleep issues early is important for protecting both your physical and mental well-being. Coping The recommendations for treating poor sleep or sleep disturbances are generally the same whether or not you have a psychiatric condition. Preliminary approaches usually focus on lifestyle changes you can make that can help you get a better night’s sleep. Avoiding sleep interrupters (such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol) and practicing good sleep habits are examples of lifestyle changes you can make that can help. In addition to seeking help from medical professionals, there are also steps that you can take on your own to improve your sleep and well-being. Having good sleep hygiene, or practices that support sleep, are critical to staying rested and avoiding daytime sleepiness. Some things you can do: Limit napping. Too much sleep during the day can have an effect on your ability to fall or stay asleep at night. Naps of 20 to 30 minutes a day can help you feel more alert and rested without interrupting your nightly sleep.Establish a nightly routine. Stick to a set of habits that help prepare you for rest each night. Take a bath, read a book, or practice a few minutes of meditation to calm your body. Repeat these routines each night to help set the mood for a solid night’s sleep.Avoid caffeine or stimulants too close to bedtime. Consuming coffee, soda, or other caffeinated products in the late afternoon or evening can make it difficult to fall asleep.Turn off your devices. Watching television or playing on your phone at bedtime can make it more difficult to relax and settle down for sleep. Try setting limits on when you quit using your devices before bed. Talk to a mental health professional if you suspect that your sleep problems might be caused by or contributing to a mental health condition. Depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders can interfere with sleepâ€"but addressing your sleep problems may also have a positive impact on your psychological symptoms. If lifestyle changes do not relieve sleep problems, your doctor may recommend psychotherapy and medications. A Word From Verywell The negative effects of poor sleep are well-documented, including the profound impact on mental health and emotional well-being. Poor sleep may often be a symptom or consequence of an existing psychological condition, but sleep problems are also thought to cause or contribute to the onset of different mental disorders including depression and anxiety. For this reason, addressing sleep problems early-on is important to help protect your overall health and wellness. Making lifestyle changes that promote good sleep can help, but talk to your doctor if your sleep problems persist. An underlying sleep disorder or a medical condition might be playing a role in your sleep issues.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Iliad Essay - 1502 Words

quot;The Iliadquot;, an epic tale told by the famous Greek author Homer, is focused primarily on the Trojan War between the Greeks, or Argives, and the Trojans. This war was filled with bloody battles and a massive loss of life. Homer tells stories about a duration of time during this fighting, and not the entire war. He uses his story-telling abilities to focus the audience on the garish and sometimes mundane drudgery of war. Due to his removal from the actual time of these battles, his stories may be embellished or not completely accurate descriptions of what did or did not happen. Overall, however, the Iliad is believed to be mostly true. Homer was born, most likely, in the 8th Century B.C. He is widely believed to be the best and†¦show more content†¦Most of the clues as to ancient Greek life come as no surprise. It is not surprising to find that the Greeks recognized the Moon during this period: quot; the massive shield flashing far and wide like a full round moon quot; (p. 500, 422) Nor is it shocking to hear of lions in Greece at this time: quot; like a great bearded lion the dogs and field hands drive back quot; (p.446, 126-127) However, even though these similes sometimes may seem unimportant or even redundant, every situation they are used in is different. A lion may be just another lion, but no two conflicts that they describe are exactly alike. Homer uses this thought to convey the energy, and even at times beauty, of his fighting scenes. The one main theme of the plot to The Iliad is its raging battle. So, most of the similes throughout the book are about warfare. Battles are compared to things such as animals, weather, or even fire. In consideration, these three things are actually connected by their inherent naturalness. Animals, weather, and fire are all parts of what we refer to as quot;naturequot;. By evaluating Homers similes with quot;naturequot; included, we today can see what ancient Greek quot;naturequot; may have been like. First of all, most of the similes from The Iliad are comparing something to an animal. Several animals that are mentioned throughout the book are,Show MoreRelatedThe Iliad Of The Homer s Iliad Essay1475 Words   |  6 PagesThe Iliad ranks as one of the most important and most influential works in terms of world literatures since its establishment. Between the underlying standard to which the Iliad offers us as audience members, along with the plethora of writers that have followed in the footsteps to which Homer’s Iliad paved, the impact that the Iliad has played is remarkable in itself. While the Iliad can be credited for much of present day literature we study today, Hollywood can be created for the plethora ofRead MoreThe Iliad1088 Words   |  5 PagesThe Iliad is the quintessential epic. It is full with gods, goddesses, heroes, war, honor, glory, and the like. However, for just short while near the very conclusion Homer avoids all of those epic qualities. The banq uet scene in Book XXIV is the most touching, the most human scene in the entire poem . In the midst of the dreadful gulf of war and anger there occurs an intimate moment between two men who ironically have much in common below the surface. Priam, old and fragile, makes his wayRead MoreAnalysis Of The Iliad 915 Words   |  4 Pagesto support this line. One such work of literature is Homer’s great epic, The Iliad. This poem, encompassing the telling of the great Trojan War, is one of the best examples of such a text. Throughout the text, it lays before the reader many separate scenes of violence, rather than grouping all of the battles together into one war like historic anthologies do. There are many scenes of violence throughout the poem, The Iliad, many of which contribute to the complete work, a small selection of these scenesRead MoreThe Epic Of The Iliad943 Words   |  4 Pages The Iliad tells the story of the battles between the Achaeans and the Trojans, and the events happening during the weeks of arguing between King Agamemnon, the leader of the Greeks, and Achilles, Greece’s greatest warrior. These events play the role of a playground for the gods, as they often intervene and usually change the outcome of certain events. In regard to Homer, Longinus claims that he feels â€Å"indeed that in recording as he does the wounding of the gods, their quarrels, vengeanceRead MoreThe Iliad And The Odyssey1060 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"Hateful to me as the gates of Hades is that man who hides one thing in his heart and speaks another.† (The Iliad pg.405) The quote is relevant to the stories Homer created during the period of the Trojan War. Homer orally performed two of his best works The Iliad and The Odyssey. Homer’s stories are old and probably translated differently than their original telling. Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey still show the basic human emotions and are an inspiration to other authors, poets, and oral presentersRead MoreThe Iliad and the Odyssey1510 Words   |  7 Pages The Iliad and the Odyssey are two classic stories told by Homer. Within these two stories the roles of the gods are very important to the story line and ho w they affect the characters throughout. In the Iliad, more gods are involved with the characters whereas in the Odyssey there are only two major gods that affect two major characters. The roles of the gods in the Iliad are through two different stances of immortal versus immortal and mortal versus immortal. The roles of the gods in the OdysseyRead MoreThe Iliad By Homer892 Words   |  4 Pages The Iliad by Homer depicts the great struggle by Agamemnon and the Greeks to take the mighty city state of Troy and return Helen to her rightful husband, Menelaus. While many ponder if the war actually happened, or why the gods always seemed to be more human than humans themselves, few ask the key but often overlooked question; why is Agamemnon the leader of the Greeks in the first place? What happened that put him in charge of the Greek forces? Why does there seem to be an underlying resentmentRead MoreThe Eruption Of The Iliad1558 Words   |  7 PagesFay Blakley English 2030 – W4 Prof. Dr. Atkinson 24 September 2015 Humanization of The Iliad The eruption of the Trojan War might stand as one of the most relevant events in Greek mythology. A raging war between kings and gods alike shed blood bath, eventually bringing Troy to a crumble. Was the war intended to be a battle between the mortals? Throughout the epic of Homer’s The Iliad, the gods take on human characteristics, allowing their feelings guide them, intervening, through the war. Read MoreThe Iliad, by Homer980 Words   |  4 Pages The Iliad written by Homer in the days of Ancient Greece has become one of the most epic poems of all time. It is a poem that has been debated for centuries. Within the tale of Achilles and the wrath of war lies a magnificent object that is shortly mentioned in Book 18. The brief section in Book XVIII, lines 505-660, described the shield that Achilles would carry into battle. However, it also tells us something about the nature of Achilles and his heroic image full of rage and anger. In orderRead MoreThe Iliad And The Odyssey1498 Words   |  6 PagesAn Influential Poem The Iliad is a poem that provides important stories with insight into early human society. It was an ancient story written centuries ago about two civilizations that battled against each other. â€Å"The Iliad tells the story of the clash of two great civilizations, and the effects of war on both the winners and losers† (Homer 222). In addition to its influence on Greek poetry, the Iliad is a great Homeric epic that has long helped shape critical schools of thought. It is not

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Critical Analysis of the Dsm Iv Tr - 1073 Words

1 Critical analysis of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders The International Classification of Diseases (ICD 10) published by the World health organisation and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association are the most widely used classifications of mental disorders throughout the world. These classification systems were created to provide a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders thus allowing for better and more accurate communication between mental health workers. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is used mostly in the United States of America and in varying degrees around†¦show more content†¦These are considered to be long standing criticisms of the DSM. These problems were originally highlighted by the Rosenhan experiment in the 1973. The experiment which was conducted by psychologist David Rosenhan is considered to be an important and influential eye opener to the shortcomings of not only the DSM but also all other psychiatric classification systems. Critics, such as psychiatrist Niall McLaren, also argue that the DSM lacks validity because its categories do not have a scientific basis, and that it lacks reliability partly because each diagnosis cannot be given an exclusive criterion. He says that while it has been found that different diagnoses share many criteria, what appear to be different criteria are often just rewordings of the same idea, meaning that the decision to allocate one diagnosis or another to a patient is to some extent a matter of personal prejudice on the part of the clinician making the diagnosis. It has also been pointed out that the DSM would fare better if the categorical classification now in use was replaced with a dimensional classification since its been increasingly recognised that mental disorders lie on a continuum rather than in one single qualitative category with clear cut off points . E.g. the 2 personality disorders of Axis II are increasingly regarded as extreme variants of common personality characteristics. Another aspect of the DSM that has attracted a lot of criticism is itsShow MoreRelatedThe Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders ( Dsm )1788 Words   |  8 PagesHistory of DSM The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a mental health diagnostic system that allow clinicians (i.e. psychiatrics, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists and nurses) to have a common understanding of mental health conditions (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). It also enables clinicians, pharmaceutical companies, researchers and policy-makers to make clear decisions around access to services and treatment guidelines for the clientsRead More Use of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory to Evaluate Post Traumatic Stress Disorder1541 Words   |  7 Pagesthe basis of this assignment to evaluate someone who exhibits symptoms of PTSD. Sometimes the symptoms of PTSD are exaggerated or faked. The basic characteristics and the purpose of this tool will be discussed as well as how the tool is used. An analysis of the MMPI-2 will reveal the relationship between MMPI-2 and a major theory of personality. After identifying the psychom etric properties for PTSD populations, the question of the adequacy of MMPI-2 will be answered by reviewing literature. LastRead MoreEssay about Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)1072 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen described as ‘The engine that drives social phobia’ (2004, Bennett-Levy J, 2004, p.142) and self-focus is central to the Clark social phobia model. The type of self-focussed attention is not self-loving and accepting, it is instead negative and critical. I have not met a social phobic who thought others evaluated them positively all the time. It has a negative twist. The socially phobic’s intuition and gut feelings often draws erroneous and sometimes illogical conclusions. These feelings areRead MoreAmerican Beauty: Analysis of Lester Burnham Essay1658 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction to the Analysis of Lester Burnham When I was told to choose a movie to perform a psychoanalysis on a character. I did not know what movie to choose. After watching the two hour long film on the multiple characters that seemed to be struggling to find their inner happiness: American Beauty. I knew that I should not look any further. One character that especially stood out was, Lester Burnham. A forty-two year old father with a mid-life crisis. In the film, American Beauty Lester BurnhamRead MoreEffects of Adderall on Learning Essay1705 Words   |  7 Pagesresearch conducted by Erinn L. Rigney, among the key factors for there being more people who do not actually have the disorder but still have access to ADHD medication is the vague procedures for diagnosing ADHD. It is noted in the excerpt from the DSM-IV-TR, the criteria used for ADHD diagnosis, that, â€Å"In a child six to twelve years old who presents inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, academic underachievement, or behavior problems, primary care clinici ans should initiate an evaluation for ADHDRead MoreAp Psychology2810 Words   |  12 Pagesan obsessive-compulsive disorder. B) a dysthymic disorder. C) schizophrenia. D) agoraphobia. E) bipolar disorder. ____ 27. Although experiencing severely traumatic events may lead to PTSD, it is also likely to lead to A) schizophrenia. B) linkage analysis. C) bipolar disorder. D) increased personal strength. E) generalized anxiety disorder. ____ 28. Indira, a third-grade teacher, frequently suffers from dizziness, heart palpitations, muscular tension, and fatigue. She is also continually agitatedRead MoreAbnormal Psychology. Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior20707 Words   |  83 Pages3 CHAPTER Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior CHAPTER OUTLINE HOW ARE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR PATTERNS METHODS OF ASSESSMENT 80–99 CLASSIFIED? 70–77 The Clinical Interview The DSM and Models of Abnormal Behavior Computerized Interviews Psychological Tests STANDARDS OF ASSESSMENT 77–80 Neuropsychological Assessment Reliability Behavioral Assessment Validity Cognitive Assessment Physiological Measurement SOCIOCULTURAL AND ETHNIC FACTORS IN ASSESSMENT 99–100 SUMMING UP 100–101 TRead More General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Essay2269 Words   |  10 Pagesnormative (Raskin,2012). Standardly, to diagnose a mental disorder the International Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders (ICD), published by the World Health Organization, or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association, are used (Bolton,2008). This essay will focus on General Anxiety Disorder (GAD). First the essay will discuss what GAD is and how it is diagnosed. The essay will then explore the differences of GADRead MoreApa Challenge2740 Words   |  11 PagesBook Reference Chow, T. W., amp; Cummings, J. L. (2000). The amygdala and Alzheimer’s disease. In J. P. Aggleton (Ed.), The amygdala: A functional analysis (pp. 656–680). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Formatting Dissertations Long, M. (2007). School media librarians as transformational leaders (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 329321) Study Notes: Common APA Style and Formatting Challenges The following guidelinesRead More ADHD and Its Treatments Essay examples1852 Words   |  8 Pagesa diagnostic tool, scientists stress they cannot be used effectively for that purpose (Surgeon Gen 5-8). Psychologists and Psychiatrists have recognized several different types of ADHD. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), a tool commonly used by professionals to diagnose mental disorders, illustrates three patterns of behavior to note when diagnosing the disorder. These patterns include (NIMH): ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Consistent hyperactivity and impulsivity (above and beyond those

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Disparities Free Essays

Possibly: IN per capita with Life expectancy: IN per capita will allow citizens to afford deiced and health services, meaning they could treat deadly sicknesses such as cancer or expensive treatments Life expectancy global patterns: Low life expectancy. Most of Africa, especially Southern, Central, Eastern and Western (Sub-Sahara Africa) including very low countries such as . Anomaly of Afghanistan in Africa, and Laos. We will write a custom essay sample on Disparities or any similar topic only for you Order Now Middle life expectancy: Anomalies in Africa, including Equatorial Guiana and Reiterate and Madagascar. Middle nations Include Central South America, countries such as Peru and Brazil and even Bola, although low compared to the mentioned previously. North Africa, countries such as Egypt and Morocco and Eastern Asia (China) plus South East Asia including Indonesia and the Philippines. High: North America and Western Europe, Japan and Australia/New Zealand. Anomalies include: Bolivia/Guyana, Greenland, Madagascar/Equatorial Guiana, Haiti, Afghanistan. Bolivia = Natural causes, high altitude in the whole countries makes the population live under constant stress and pressure, exhausting faster organs. Low literacy rates: Concentrates mostly in Central and Western Africa and South Central Asia, including Nations such as India and Pakistan. Nations with lowest literacy include Chad, Nigeria and Mali. Middle literacy rates: South America, including Peru. South Asia including China, and the Middle East including Saudi Arabia and Oman. Anomalies in Africa, including Egypt and Madagascar and most of Southern Africa. High literacy rates: North America and most of Europe (old soviet USSR included), with slight high rates in South America including Argentina surprisingly and Guyana. Southern Africa surprisingly, with anomalies including Zanzibar. Australia and New Zealand ANOMALIES: Portugal, Bosnia and Serbia. Yemen. Peru. Papua New Guiana. Guatemala. Haiti. Zanzibar. Cambodia. Low IN per capita: Mostly concentrated in Central, Eastern and Western Africa including nations such as the Deem. Republic of Congo, Nigeria and Niger. Indonesia and Papua New Guiana stand out in South East Asia and South Central Africa, Southern Africa including South America. The Balkan and most of Asia. High IN: North America, Europe. Undernourishment global patterns: Low undernourishment: Distributed in relation to Medics, mostly found in North America and Western Europe plus Russia. Northern Africa regions including Libya and Egypt, southern South America e. G. Argentina and Uruguay and Australia/New Zealand. Middle undernourishment: Distributed along the equator (tropical areas) with nations in central South America such as Peru and Brazil, North America including Mexico and Eastern Africa including Nigeria. Indonesia and Eastern Asia nations including China and Vietnam as well count with 5-19% of undernourished. High undernourishment: Southern African Nations including the Congo and Central African Republic, Anomaly of Bolivia in South America and most of Central America and the Caribbean including Panama and Honduras. Other nations in South Asia including India and Pakistan, plus Manner and Mongolia. Anomalies: Bolivia in South America, Libya in Africa, North Korea, the Balkans in Europe. HIVE/AIDS 1. Explain which of the maps is the most useful 2. Using the map on the right describe the distribution of people living with HIVE Explaining the development gap: How to cite Disparities, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Difference and Soccer free essay sample

Basketball and Soccer In modern life, most people enjoy amazing sports. Two of most exciting and common sports to participate and appreciate are basketball and soccer. People can not only watch both of them on television, but they can also play them for recreation and health. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences and similarities between these two sports. There are three aspects of these two sports: athletes, popularity, and equipment. The most noticeable difference between these two kinds of sports is their requirement of players. In conclusion, soccer and basketball use different equipments for athletes to compete. These are the three basic similarities and differences between basketball and soccer. As we can see, through the comparison above, people love these two kinds of sports because they contain good competitiveness based on fair principles. These two sports motivate people to keep fit and to be stronger. We will write a custom essay sample on Difference and Soccer or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Thereby, basketball and football better annotate the proverb Life lies in the movement.